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Blockchain Blockchain It is a relatively new technology. First coined in 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto for use in developing crypto-currencies BITCOIN. Now many Crypto-Currencies are available like ETHEREUM (ETH) ,Zcash (ZEC),LITECOIN (LTC),RIPPLE ( XRP ) etc... The smart contracts based on Blockchain was made in 2013 by Vitalik Buterin who founded Ethereum. Today, there are many different Blockchains and variations of Blockchain technology like Ethereum, EOS, IOTA. As a result, it is reasonable to expect that even more Blockchain variations will come into existence during the coming years. Basically Blockchain and blockchain-based technologies works on concept of “Distributed Ledgers Technologies" (DLT). There are also form of Blockchain that are publically and privately available. Blockchain The Smart Contract is an Ethereum EVM smart contract that can be used by anyone within the shipping chain and secure payments through Escrow accounts on a Distributed Ledger. The whole shipments details will be stored on blockchain which will bring more Transparency and save cost. Blockchains are based on an innovative use of cryptography and their characteristics which reduce the need for trusted third parties and intermediaries. Blockchain - Creation of data records that are permanent, i.e. cannot be changed or deleted - Ability to identify the time and origin of every entry in the Blockchain - Using Public and Private key all participants have access to all data in the Blockchain - 100 % Smart Contracts are executed if required conditions are met. Blockchain will add a layer of security to all the transactions. It will change how things are today, at MFREIGHTS we continuously upgrade our technology to give best user experience. You can stay updated with latest changes and happenings in shipping industry.You just need Subscribe here.
Shipment Shipment Moraribapu rightly says: ‘No matter how far we have travelled, we should never forget our roots’! The world of shipping has witnessed many changes. It’s a time to remember a great person who had sowed the seeds of modern shipping... The idea of transporting trucks on ships was put into practice before World War II. In 1926 regular connection of the luxury passenger train from London to Paris, Golden Arrow/Fleche d'Or, by Southern Railway and French Northern Railway began. For transport of passengers' baggage four containers were used. These containers were loaded in London or Paris and carried to ports, Dover or Calais, on flat cars in the UK and “CIWL Pullman Golden Arrow Fourgon of CIWL” in France. Shipment In the early 1950s sir McLean decided to attempt use of the containers commercially. By 1952, he was developing plans to carry his company's trucks on ships along the U.S. Atlantic coast, from North Carolina to New York. It was in 1955, North Carolina, USA when for the first time Malcom P. Mclean, a trucking entrepreneur came with an idea of transporting entire Truck trailers with the cargo still inside. Based on Theory of Intermodalism where same container, with the same cargo can be transported seamlessly between ships, trucks and trains. It soon became apparent that "trailerships", as they were called, would be inefficient because of the large waste in potential cargo space on board the vessel, known as broken stowage. The original concept was modified into loading just the containers, not the chassis, onto the ships, hence the designation containership or "box" ship. At the time, U.S. regulations would not allow a trucking company to own a ship line. Shipment In late 1968, commercial containership service was inaugurated from the Far East to the United States. This service was expanded to Hong Kong and Taiwan in 1969 and to Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines in 1971. Thank you for your time Happy Shipping!
Circular No. 41 / 2017-Customs Circular No. 41 / 2017-Customs F. No: 450/08/2015-Cus.IV Government of India Ministry of Finance Dept. of Revenue Central Board of Excise and Customs ***** Dated, the 30 th October, 2017 North Block, New Delhi To, All Principal Chief Commissioners/Chief Commissioners of Customs/Customs(Preventive) All Principal Chief Commissioners/Chief Commissioners of Customs & Central Excise All Principal Commissioners/Commissioners of Customs/Customs (Preventive) All Principal Commissioners/Commissioners of Customs & Central Excise Subject: Implementing Electronic Sealing for Containers by exporters under self-sealing procedure prescribed by circular 26/2017-Cus dated 1 st July 2017, circular 36/2017 dated 28.8.2017 and 37/2017 dated 20.9.2017 – reg. Madam/Sir, With the introduction of self-sealing using RFID e-seals, the Board has sought to enhance export facilitation by dispensing the need for exporters seeking the presence of jurisdictional officer for the purposes of supervising stuffing of the cargo at approved premises. This measure is expected to reduce transaction costs of exporters since they do not have to incur MoT charges in respect of such supervision as well as improve their timeliness of their exports. Such facilitation is proposed to be backed by application of technology in the form of exporters using RFID e- seals since it has the potential to improve visibility and enhance cargo security during transportation to Ports & ICDs as well as during holding time. 2. Attention is drawn to para 5 of circular 37/2017-Customs dated 20 th September 2017 stating the date for mandatory e-sealing shall be 1 st November 2017. In order to take stock of the preparedness of the trade, field formations, the Board has held consultations with the vendors. It is understood that the fixed Readers are already in place at Chennai port and are being already used to monitor the movement of trucks from CFSs to the Port. During the consultations, it has also been informed that installation of fixed readers at Mangalore and Cochin will be completed by 31 st October 2017. It is also learnt that hand held Readers have been provided to Kolkata Port and to all ICDs in the NCR region. It has been informed that handheld readers have beendispatched to over 50 customs stations including JNCH, Mumbai, Mundra, Pipavav, Hazira etc. Commissioner of Customs, ICD, Patparganj and Kolkata have already had a familiarisation program for the officers. 3. Trade associations and field formations have queried about the procedures to be followed for export of goods under RFID self-sealing prescribed under the above circulars. The following clarifications are provided for the sake of uniformity and better understanding of the new procedure. 4. Circulars 26/2017 and 36/2017 have obligated following classes of exporters to adopt RFID e-sealing: (a) exporters already enjoying the facility of self-sealing after having been approved by jurisdictional formations under the erstwhile procedures; (b) exporters who have hitherto been availing of supervised sealing and have been automatically entitled to avail of self-sealing using RFID e-seals, without having to expressly seek any permission/approval of the jurisdictional commissioner for this purpose; (c) AEOs, regardless of whether they were self-sealing or undertaking supervised sealing, have also been entitled to avail of the new procedure; (d) Lastly, all exporters have been extended this facility subject to their filing GST returns but after seeking permission for self-sealing from the jurisdictional Commissioner as per procedure prescribed under para 9(iii) of circular 26/2017-Cus dated 1 st July 2017. 5. The procedure prescribed under the above circulars applies only to cargo in full container load, sealed at an approved premise, by an entitled exporter. In case of an FCL being received at a Port or ICD under self-sealing using RFID e-seals, prescribed under circular 36/2017- Customs dated 28 th August 2017, it shall be deemed to be equivalent to a container sealed under the erstwhile system of officer supervised sealing. Unless and until there are good reasons or intelligence to warrant inspection of such containers, there shall be no need for examination of such containers once the RFID e – seal is read as intact or not tampered. 5.1 In case an RFID seal affixed on a self-sealed container is found tampered, the same shall be subject to examination as already prescribed under para 2(f) of Circular 36/2017-Cus dated 28 th August 2017. However, after examination, the further movement of such a container shall not be under the RFID e-seal procedure. The existing system of using the traditional bottle seals by customs shall continue for such movements. 5.2 Full containers brought to Ports without RFID e-seals shall be taken to a CFS or allowed direct port entry, as the case may be, and will be subject to usual RMS treatment. Similarly, Full Containers Loads arriving at ICDs, but without RFID e-seals, will be subject to usual risk management parameters. 5.3 The procedure under the subject circulars does not apply to export of non-containerized cargo or Air cargo or for movement of cargo from CFSs to ICDs/Ports or cargo exported through Land Customs Stations. Extant practices in respect of such cargo shall continue. 6. The issue of the type of readers that vendor shall provide to customs has also been raised. The Board has permitted vendors to either provide fixed readers, in consultation with custodians at Ports and ICDs, or provide handheld Readers. Due to the flexibility provided by Handheld Readers, in as much as officers can use them to read seals at the point of entry or at the place of stacking or when containers are being loaded for further movement, the same are preferred. Vendors are advised that when they provide fixed readers, services must be supported with handheld readers so that officers can carry out additional checks at any point within the Port/ICD. Accordingly, the readers to be provided shall be: (a) Rugged and capable of withstanding shocks and vibrations and be generally adapted to outdoor/industrial environment. (b) Integrated devices with a large display screen for viewing of data fields specified in para 4 of circular 36/2017 customs. (c) The aforesaid data elements shall be displayed on the Reader display, on scanning of the e-seal by Customs. 6.1 Furthermore, all vendors shall provide an application on a desktop computer to be made available by field formations so that e-sealing data pushed to the destination customs port / ICD is searchable in terms of any of the data elements prescribed under para 4 (a) of circular 36/2017 customs. The said application may be made available in reasonable time but not exceeding 30 days from the date of this circular. In the meantime, the data elements shall be transmitted in excel format to risk management division (RMD) and the concerned field formation from where the cargo is to be exported. Field formations and RMD are advised to immediately communicate the email IDs for this purpose to vendors. 6.2 It is also re-iterated that data once uploaded by the exporter should not be capable of edited or deleted. 6.3 The web application shall capture the location where the RFID e-seal is read. 6.4 The vendors shall transmit the IEC details of such exporters who have purchased the RFID e-seals to RMD on a daily basis. The IEC number and the name of exporter shall be provided only when the vendor makes the first sale to the exporter; there is no need transmit the details of the exporter each time a sale is made. 6.5 The vendors shall make all efforts to serve the requirements of maximum number of exporters by providing the RFID e-seals. They shall also provide Readers to all the customs stations from where the client exporters are exporting their cargo. The department reserves its right to direct vendors to provide Readers at any particular port/ICD. 7. The list of stations where Readers have been provided by Vendors is annexed to this circular. As and when coverage is extended by vendors to more customs stations, they shall be included in the list of Ports / ICDs where e-sealing would be mandatory. While for the benefit of the trade, Board shall update the list of Customs stations from time to time, field formations are advised to issue trade notices regarding availability of Readers as soon as these are available at their Port/ICD. 8. While the progress made in the coverage of reader network across ports and ICDs is well recognised, but factoring that it may take some time for the field formations to fully set up systems and procedures for handling RFID e-sealed containers as well as receipt of data, the Board has decided that mandatory e-sealing for different classes of exporters shall be brought in a phased manner as indicated below: 8.1 In respect of all exporters who have been permitted self-sealing facilities under erstwhile procedures and exporters who are AEOs, it would be mandatory to seal their export containers with prescribed RFID e-seal w.e.f 8 th Nov. 2017. Any non-compliance will subject the containers to usual RMS parameters. 8.2 In respect of the category of exporters who are availing supervised stuffing at their premises, extant practice of supervised stuffing may continue till 19 th November 2017. With effect from 20 th November 2017, they shall have to switch to RFID e-sealing procedures. 8.3 Regarding the exporters who have newly applied to the jurisdictional customs authority for self-sealing permission under circular 26/2017-Cus dated 1 st July 2017, they shall commence use of the facility subject to grant of permission and upon adoption of RFID e-sealing. 9. The applicable date for RFID e-sealing implies that exporters are required to use this procedure from the prescribed date. Any container sealed at the exporters premises before the prescribed date, shall not be required to be brought with RFID e-seal. 9.1 It is also clarified that those exporters who are in possession of RFID e-seals are at liberty to commence availing the facilitative procedures forthwith. It may be recalled that vide circular 37/2017-Cus, the e-sealing procedure had been made voluntary subject to availability of reader facilities. 10. As the RFID e-seal based self-sealing procedure has been introduced as a measure of export facilitation, the field formations are advised to guide the exporters and work closely with the private service providers for smooth roll-out of the system. 11. The procedures in respect of customs stations where readers have not been provided by any vendor so far shall continue till 31 st December 2017, as per existing practice. Board shall take necessary steps to make sure that the readers are made available at such customs stations by 1 st January 2018. 12. Difficulties if any should be brought to the notice of the Board 13. Hindi version follows. List of Customs stations (as declared by Vendors) S.No. Ports Covered Type Location Code 1 Ankhleswar ICD INAKV6 2 APL Dadri ICD INAPL6 3 Bawal ICD INBAW6 4 Buddi ICD INBDI6 5 Ginnaur Sonepat ICD INBDM6 6 GRFL Piala Faridabad ICD INBDM6 7 Bhagat Ki Kothi,Jodhpur ICD INBGK6 8 Moti Mahal Agra ICD INBLJ6 9 Tarapur Thane ICD INBNG6 10 Mumbai Port PORT INBOM1 11 Vadodra Dashrath ICD INBRC6 12 CONCOR Fridabad ICD INBVC6 13 Kolkata Port PORT INCCU1 14 Tirupur Coimbatore ICD INCHE6 15 Khatuwas ICD INCML6 16 Cochin Port PORT INCOK1 17 CPL DADRI ICD INCPL6 18 Chawa Payal ICD INCPR6 19 OWPL Ludhiana ICD INDDL6 20 PSWC Dhandai Kalan ICD INDDL6 21 Dadri ICD INDER6 22 CONCOR Dadri ICD INDER6 23 Jatipur Panipat ICD INDWN6 24 Ennore Port PORT INENR1 25 Balabgarh ICD INFBD6 26 Garhi Harsru ICD INGHR6 27 Adani Hazira Port PORT INHZA1 28 Pithampur Dhar MP ICD ININD6 29 Kandla Port PORT INIXY1 30 Jalandhar ICD INJUC6 31 Kattuapalli PORT INKAT1 32 Kanakpura Jaipur ICD INKKU6 33 JRY Kanpur ICD INKNU6 34 Krishnapatnam Port PORT INKRI1 35 Kota ICD INKTT6 36 Concor Ludhiana ICD INLDH6 37 Loni ICD INLON6 38 Chennai Port PORT INMAA1 39 Moradabad ICD INMBD6 40 Mandideep Bhopal ICD INMDD6 41 Mundra Port PORT INMUN1 42 Maliwada Aurangabad ICD INMWA6 43 Ajni Nagpur ICD INNGP6 44 Nagpur ICD INNGP6 45 JNPT Nava Sheva PORT INNSA1 46 Pipavav Port PORT INPAV1 47 Pali ICD INPKR6 48 Panki Kanpur ICD INPNK6 49 Panipat ICD INPNP6 50 PPG ICD INPPG6 51 Patli ICD INPTL6 52 Palwal ICD INPWL6 53 Rewari ICD INREA6 54 Sanad ICD INSAU6 55 Khodiyar ICD INSBI6 56 GRFL Ludhiana ICD INSGF6 57 Sanatnagar Hyd ICD INSNF6 58 Kanech Ludhiana ICD INSNI6 59 Star Track Dadri ICD INSTT6 60 Thar Dry Jodhpur ICD INTHA6 61 TKD Delhi ICD INTKD6 62 Talegaon ICD INTLG6 63 TTP Dadri ICD INTTP6 64 Custom House Tuticorin PORT INTUT1 65 Vishakhapatnam Port PORT INWAL6 66 Waluj Aurngabad ICD INWAL6 67 Whitefield Banglore ICD INWFD6 68 Valsad ICD INSAJ6 69 Valsad ICD INVPI6 70 New Custom House,Panambur, Mangalore SEA INNML1 71 Old Mangalore Port,Mangalore SEA INIXE1
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